«Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore,
So do our minutes hasten to their end».
Sonnet 60 is acknowledged as one of Shakespeare’s greatest because it deals with the universal concerns of time and its passing.
Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore,
In the sonnet, time is symbolized by concrete images. For example, the opening two lines present a simile in which time is represented by “waves” and “minutes”: “Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore, / So do our minutes hasten to their end”; here, death is “the pebbled shore” — another concrete image.
In the second quatrain, the poet laments time’s unfairness. A child — “Nativity” — is born and, over time, matures to adulthood, and yet the adult now dreads the maturation process as he grows increasingly older and thus reaches the point of death, or the end of time. Time, which gives life, now takes it away: “And Time that gave doth now his gift confound.”
The antithesis in lines 9 through 12 is between the aging poet and the youth’s good looks. The poet warns, “Time doth transfix the flourish set on youth / And delves the parallels in beauty’s brow.” In other words, the young man currently is beautiful, but “parallels” — wrinkles — will eventually appear, as they have on the poet. However much the young man and the poet would like beauty to reside forever on the youth’s face, “nothing stands but for his [time’s] scythe to mow.”
Nonetheless, the poet promises to immortalize the youth’s good looks before time’s wrinkles appear on his face: “And yet to times in hope my verse shall stand, / Praising thy worth, despite his cruel hand.” Unlike the poet’s promise in Sonnet 19, this assurance does not include giving the young man eternal beauty. Even more, the “scythe” in line 12 recalls Sonnet 12’s concluding couplet: “And nothing ‘gainst Time’s scythe can make defense / Save breed, to brave him when he takes thee hence.” Clearly the poet is no longer concerned that the young man have a child to ensure the immortality of his beauty. Now, the poet’s own sonnets are the only security the youth needs to gain eternal worth.
English audio from YouTube Channel Socratica
Summary from Cliffsnotes.com